A trainee must be a foreign national who has:
- Be a foreign national who has a degree or professional certificate from a foreign post-secondary academic institution and at least one year of prior related work experience in his or her occupational field outside the United States; or
- Have five years of work experience outside the United States in the occupational field in which they are seeking training
Practical Experience: Enhance the skills and expertise of exchange visitors in their academic or occupational fields through participation in a structure and guided work-based program.
Limitations or Exceptions
Trainees cannot work in unskilled or casual labor positions, in positions that require or involve childcare or elder care, or in any kind of position that involves patient care or contact.
Further, sponsors must not place trainees in positions that require more than 20 percent clerical or office support work. Use of the Exchange Visitor Program for ordinary employment or work purposes is strictly prohibited. Sponsors may not place trainee participants in positions, which are filled or would be filled by full-time or part-time employees. Also, the training cannot duplicate a trainee participant's prior work experience or training.
Allowed Occupational Categories
- Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing;
- Arts and Culture;
- Construction and Building Trades;
- Education, Social Sciences, Library Science, Counseling and Social Services;
- Health Related Occupations;
- Hospitality and Tourism;
- Information Media and Communications;
- Management, Business, Commerce and Finance;
- Public Administration and Law; and
- The Sciences, Engineering, Architecture, Mathematics and Industrial Occupations.
Sponsors are required to:
- Conduct site visits of host organizations that:
- Have not previously participated successfully in the sponsor’s program;
- Have fewer than 25 employees;
- Have less than $3 million in annual revenue.
- Collect the following information from all host organizations:
- Employer Identification Number (EIN)
- Verification of telephone number, address, brochures, website, etc.; and
- Proof of worker’s compensation insurance policy or equivalent.
Sponsors must ensure the following for participants:
- Participants in programs that exceed six months must be evaluated at mid-point and at the conclusion of the program;
- For programs with durations of less than six months, the participant must be evaluated at the conclusion of the program. All evaluations must be received by the sponsoring organization prior to the end of the participant’s exchange program and must be signed by both the participant and his or her immediate supervisor;
- Ensure that trainees are appropriately selected, oriented, supervised and evaluated;
- Be available to trainees to assist as facilitators and information resources; and
- Ensure that the training program is full-time (at least 32 hours a week).
Employers are required to:
- Sign a completed Form DS–7002 to verify that all placements are appropriate and consistent with the objectives of the trainees or interns as outlined in their program applications and as set forth in their T/IPPs. Notify sponsors promptly of any concerns about, changes in or deviations from T/IPPs during training and internship programs and contact sponsors immediately in the event of any emergency involving trainees or interns;
- Abide by all federal, state and local occupational health and safety laws;
- Abide by all program rules and regulations set forth by the sponsors, including the completion of all mandatory program evaluations;
- Have sufficient resources, plant, equipment and trained personnel available;
- Provide continuous on-site supervision and mentoring by experienced and knowledgeable staff; and
- Ensure that trainees obtain skills, knowledge, and competencies through structured and guided activities such as classroom training, seminars, rotation through several departments, on-the-job training, attendance at conferences and similar learning activities, as appropriate in specific circumstances.